Individual occupational therapy services can address a wide variety of concerns in the areas of:
- sensory processing
- gross and fine motor skills
- visual perception/visual motor skills
- feeding and related issues
- self-care (ex. dressing, bathing, grooming, etc.)
- managing self-regulation, including attention, emotions, and biological rhythms
- organizational skills
Occupational therapy (OT) using Ayres Sensory Integration (ASI) model is rendered individually in our very well equipped gym-like clinic environment. We have a variety of ways to suspend equipment to provide vestibular sensory information. A large selection of swings and ways to move their bodies are available to children. Proprioceptive activities, those that include heavy work, climbing and jumping are provided using equipment such as a rope wall, a rock climbing wall, ladders, a variety of bolsters of various shapes and sized to build with and climb on. Tactile materials of a wide variety including ball pits, a bean box and one with packing popcorn offer a variety of ways for a child to immerse their bodies in tactile activities. Bins with other tactile media such as rice, popcorn, macaroni allow for little fingers to find eggs or sea creatures immersed in the media. Activities that include visual perception and those that focus on visual motor abilities while the child is engaged in movement are used. Some children use a listening program (iLs) while engaged in therapy which helps with decreasing auditory sensitivity and improving vestibular function. The clinic has equipment to challenge motor planning and age appropriate motor skills. Many activities incorporate bilateral, upper and lower body parts. Because children are able to interact with each other while engaged in their individual therapy programs, these provide opportunities for social participation, learning empathy, taking turns and a variety of other social skills.
Each child's therapy program is individualized to reach their therapy goals. Specific therapy goals are established for each child based on evaluation results, clinical observations, and parent concerns; however, the overall goals of therapy for every child are to improve sensory processing, motor performance, and social participation, and increase level of function, and facilitate the acquisition of daily living skills.
How does occupational therapy help children with sensory motor or sensory integration/processing issues?
Integrated Listening Systems (iLs)
iLs is recommended for many of the children receiving occupational therapy; however, it is not recommended for every child. For those children who are enrolled in an iLs program, they typically listen to the iLs system during their regular occupational therapy session.
iLs builds a solid foundation for learning and communicating through repeated, gentle stimulation of the following systems: Vestibular, Auditory, Visual Motor, Proprioceptive, Parasympathetic, Cerebellum, and Hemispheric Integration. Enhanced skills may include: coordination, balance, awareness of personal space, hand/eye coordination, sports, motor planning, focus, concentration, confidence, self-regulation, pitch discrimination, auditory processing, and reading. Their music processing techniques are all safe and have been tested over many years of application to both children and adults. This includes bone conduction, frequency filtration, and gating.
Ron Minson, M.D. & Edward Hallowell, M.D. "How Integrated Listening Systems Works"